Any sport has its own limitations and a set of rules that athletes must adhere to. Many sports disciplines have repeatedly changed their rules over time, adjusting to various factors, but boxing is not one of them. The first rules of boxing were adopted in 1867 in England by the Marquess of Queensberry. They consisted of 12 points, most of which are successfully applied now. And so:
– a boxing match must take place on a square area with a side of 24 feet (7.32 m). Boxers start the fight in opposite corners, converging in the center. No one has the right to be in the ring except boxers and referees. Doctors, seconds and coaches remain behind the ring.
- Boxers must wear gloves of the same weight and quality. Any “backing” is punishable by disqualification.
- The duration of the round is exactly three minutes, and the break between them is one minute. During this break, the boxer can receive instructions from a trainer or the necessary help from a doctor.
- During the fight, elbows, knees, head blows, various pushes, throws and grabs are prohibited. It is also forbidden to strike at the back of the neck, the back of the head, the back, kidneys and below the waist. Hitting with the back of a glove is a violation.
- Any violation can be punished by the referee in several ways: warning, points deduction, disqualification.
Many boxers, including Mike Tyson, use the “clinch” technique. During this reception, the fighters interfere with the opponent’s attacking actions by “tying their hands”. If the boxers come together in a clinch, the referee breaks it. The next blow can only be delivered after the boxers take a full step back. In modern boxing, there are also concepts of knockdown and knockout. The first definition means that the boxer is knocked down but managed to get up within 10 seconds.
The second means that the boxer is knocked down and cannot continue the fight. In this case, the opponent is credited with an early victory. A boxer is considered to have fallen if at least one part of the body, other than the feet, touches the floor. The situation is similar when the boxer is holding on to the ropes. The fight ends with a victory for one of the opponents or a draw. The victory can be both early and on points. There is also a victory by technical knockout, when the opponent cannot continue the fight due to an injury, or by the decision of the second. A draw is possible if both boxers scored an equal number of points.
How the win is determined
Boxers’ points are counted by the residual system as special referees, which can be up to five people. At the beginning of the fight, each of the boxers has 10 points. Each lost round removes 1 point. If there was one knockdown in the round, two points are deducted. The boxer loses another point for each subsequent knockdown. Points for a successful attack to an athlete can only be counted if this attack was recorded by three judges at once. A boxer who wins a round by decision of the judges retains 10 points. Thus, the number 10 must be present on the tableau. At the end of the match, if no early victory was recorded, the points for all rounds are added up, and the arithmetic mean result is output.
The rules of professional boxing also prescribe equipment. Boxers perform with a bare torso and without protective helmets. The weight of the gloves must not exceed the established norm.
Modern rules are practically no different from their initial version and can be used for a long time, since they are compiled correctly and exhaustively. An exception may be certain sub-items that have lost their relevance over time. One of these is the ban on boxing in shoes with sharp heels.